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Manuscripts, other authors than Niels Bohr

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Williams, Evan James



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Manuscripts, other authors than Niels Bohr, 1910-1961 | Niels Bohr Archive

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Collection Overview

Title: Manuscripts, other authors than Niels Bohr, 1910-1961Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: 01/05/005

Primary Creator: Bohr, Niels (1885-1962)

Extent: 17.0 Boxes

Arrangement: Alphabetical.

Subjects: Bethe, Hans Albrecht, Bloch, Felix, Born, Max, Coster, Dirk, Darwin, Charles Galton, Delbrück, Max, Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice, Elsasser, Walter Maurice, Fermi, Enrico, Franck, James, Gamow, George, Heisenberg, Werner, Hevesy, George, Høffding, Harald, Jordan, Pascual, Klein, Oskar, Kramers, Hendrik Anthony (Hans), Kronig, Ralph de Laer, Landau, Lev Davidovich, Landé, Alfred, Langmuir, Irving, Lassen, Niels Ove, Laue, Max von, Lauritsen, Tom, Pauli, Wolfgang, Platzman, Robert, Rasmussen, Ebbe, Rosenfeld, Léon, Rutherford, Ernest, Schrödinger, Erwin, Slater, John Clarke, Sommerfeld, Arnold, Teller, Edward, Warburg, Emil Gabriel, Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, Williams, Evan James

Languages: Danish, English, German, French

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Manuscripts submitted to Bohr by other scientists. Contributors include: Hans Albrecht Bethe, Felix Bloch, Max Born, Dirk Coster, Charles Galton Darwin, Max Delbrück, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Walter Maurice Elsasser, Enrico Fermi, James Franck, George Gamow, Werner Heisenberg, George de Hevesy, Harald Høffding, Pascual Jordan, Oskar Klein, Hendrik Anton Kramers, Ralph de Laer Kronig, Lev Davidovich Landau, Alfred Landé, Irving Langmuir, Niels Ove Lassen, Max von Laue, Tom Lauritsen, Wolfgang Pauli, Robert Platzman, Ebbe Rasmussen, Leon Rosenfeld, Ernest Rutherford, Erwin Schrödinger, John Clarke Slater, Arnold Sommerfeld, Edward Teller, Emil Gabriel Warburg, Victor Frederick Weisskopf, Evan James Williams

Biographical Note

Born on 7 October 1885 to Christian Bohr, physiologist at the University of Copenhagen, and his wife Ellen, née Adler, Bohr completed his university education at his father's university in 1911.  That year he went to England, where he worked under the direction of Ernest Rutherford at the University of Manchester.  Rutherford and his collaborators had recently determined experimentally that the atom has a small but heavy nucleus at its center with negative electrons circling around it at relatively considerable distances. Realizing that such a system could not be explained by means of classical physics, Bohr proposed his revolutionary quantum model of the atom in 1913.  It was also in this period, on 1 August 1912, that Bohr married Margrethe, née Nørlund, who was to become his most important companion and counsellor throughout his life.  In 1916 he was appointed professor at the University of Copenhagen, and in 1921 the University's Institute for Theoretical Physics was inaugurated under Bohr's leadership. The following year Bohr was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the atomic model.  In the 1920s Bohr's institute served as a world center in the continuing development of quantum physics, and it was here that what was later termed the "Copenhagen Interpretation" of the new quantum physics was formulated in the late 1920s on the basis of Bohr's concept of complementarity.  In the 1930s Bohr was one of the first physicists in Europe to turn theoretical and experimental work at his institute to nuclear physics, which now became the most exciting field in physics.  Just before the war, Bohr played a major role in explaining the process of fission, and having been forced to flee his country in October 1943, he joined the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb.  At the same time, he started a personal mission for an "open world", seeking to convince Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt in personal interviews of the necessity to share the secret of the atomic bomb with the Soviet Union in order not to lose the confidence of the war ally and thus avoid a nuclear arms race after the war.  Unsuccessful in this venture, Bohr continued his mission for an "open world" after the war until the end of his life, publishing his "Open Letter to the United Nations" in 1950 and employing his honorary residence, where he and his family had moved in 1932, as a meeting place for statesmen and physicists alike.  During the same period, Bohr was central in developing scientific institutions both in Denmark and internationally.  When he died on 18 November 1962, he was revered all over the world as one of the greatest scientists and humanists of the century.

Subject/Index Terms

Bethe, Hans Albrecht
Bloch, Felix
Born, Max
Coster, Dirk
Darwin, Charles Galton
Delbrück, Max
Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice
Elsasser, Walter Maurice
Fermi, Enrico
Franck, James
Gamow, George
Heisenberg, Werner
Hevesy, George
Høffding, Harald
Jordan, Pascual
Klein, Oskar
Kramers, Hendrik Anthony (Hans)
Kronig, Ralph de Laer
Landau, Lev Davidovich
Landé, Alfred
Langmuir, Irving
Lassen, Niels Ove
Laue, Max von
Lauritsen, Tom
Pauli, Wolfgang
Platzman, Robert
Rasmussen, Ebbe
Rosenfeld, Léon
Rutherford, Ernest
Schrödinger, Erwin
Slater, John Clarke
Sommerfeld, Arnold
Teller, Edward
Warburg, Emil Gabriel
Weisskopf, Victor Frederick
Williams, Evan James

Administrative Information

Repository: Niels Bohr Archive

Processing Information: Card index.

Other Note: Alphabetical. Card index.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Folder 1: Williams, Evan James],
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Folder 1: Williams, Evan JamesAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Summary of Report on "New Particle in Cosmic Rays"., 1931Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Date is approximate
Item 2: Loss of energy by fast particles in Nuclear Collisions., 1938Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Date is approximate


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